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Fifty Waddel Academy Alumni (biographies)

1. Appling, Daniel (1787-1817) - Hero of the War of 1812. A native of Columbia County, Georgia, he enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1805. At the battle of Sandy Creek on Lake Erie in 1814 Major Appling with 130 of the Rifle Regiment and an equal number of Indians ambushed the British so successfully they surrendered in ten minutes. The spoils were three gunboats and several smaller vessels fully equipped. Made Lt. Colonel. In the attack on Plattsburg, Colonel Appling and his few riflemen and Indians held 14,000 British in check and then, led by Appling, made a daring and determined charge. British General Provost, demoralized at the news of a naval defeat, fled before Appling’s brave few. Appling became a national hero. The legislature of Georgia placed Appling’s sword in the Governor’s Office “as a lasting memorial of his fame.” In 1880 the sword was transferred to the Georgia Historical Society.

2. Bonham, Milledge Luke (1813-90) - Brigadier-general in the Confederate Army involved in the fighting around Fairfax, Centerville, Vienna, and First Manassas; elected to Confederate Congress in 1862 and in same year elected Confederate governor of South Carolina; resumed his generalship in 1865. Commander of S. C. Brigade in Seminole Indian Wars’ Lieutenant-Colonel, 12th Infantry, Mexican War. Cited for conspicuous service in Mexican War by his commander, General (later President) Franklin Pierce. Member United States House of Representatives from 1857 until secession of South Carolina in 1860. Elected to Congress to fill unexpired term of his deceased cousin, Preston Smith Brooks. Mayflower descendant.

3. Bowie, Alexander (1789-?) - Chancellor of Alabama 1839-45; Trustee of the University of Alabama. Graduated from South Carolina College in 1809 where he was roommate of James Louis Petigru. Admitted to the S. C. Bar 1813. Member of S. C. House of Representatives 1818. Moved to Alabama in 1835 and was elected Chancellor of Northern Division of Alabama.

4. Boyce, William Waters (1818-1890) - Member U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina 1853-61. Appointed delegate for South Carolina to Provisional Confederate Congress in 1861. Member Confederate Congress 1862-64. Moved Washington, D.C. in 1866 where he practiced law.

5. Brooks, Preston Smith (1819-57) - Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina 1853-57. Brooks was a controversial figure. On May 20, 1856, Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts gave a violent, provocative and ungentlemanly speech in the Senate. He mentioned by name in highly unfavorable terms an absent senator, Brooks’ cousin, A. P. Butler of South Carolina, also a Willington alumnus. (The Dictionary of American Biography errs when it says A. P. Butler was Brooks’ uncle. Brooks’ father, Whitefield Brooks, and Andrew Butler were first cousins. )

Brooks demanded an apology from Sumner and received none. Angered at this denunciation of an absent kinsman, Brooks went to seek Sumner to “punish him.” The Senate was adjourned but Sumner was still in his desk. To punish Sumner Brooks beat him on the head with a hollow walking cane until the cane broke. Brooks then left Sumner, whom he believed unconscious, on the floor of the Senate chamber.

A vote to expel Brooks from the House failed to receive a two-thirds vote. Brooks resigned anyway and was re-elected unanimously by his South Carolina constituency. Both Sumner and Brooks became regional heroes. Brooks was presented with many gold-headed canes to honor his whipping of the abolitionist for his poor manners. Brooks was presented with at least one gold handled cowhide whip.

When Brooks was a student at Dr. Waddel’s, he “endeared himself to every boy.. .by his manly and generous qualities of character” according to his death notice. (For further exposition the October, 1978, South Carolina Historical Magazine carries an article, “Preston Smith Brooks: The Man and His Image” by Robert Neil Mathis.)

6. Butler, Andrew Pickens (1796-1857) - U.S. Senator from South Carolina 1846-57; Chairman of Senate Judiciary Committee 1849; Court of Appeals Judge 1833-46; Circuit Judge 1833; Trustee of South Carolina College (University of S.C.). Butler’s speech on the Kansas-Nebraska bill was answered by Sumner’s vituperative attack on May 20, 1856.

7. Butler, Pierce Mason (1799-1847) - Governor of South Carolina 1836-38; President of the Bank of South Carolina; Trustee of South Carolina College (University of S.C.); Organizer and Colonel of the Palmetto Regiment in the Mexican War, he was distinguished for bravery at the battle of Cerro Gordo and killed in the battle of Churubusco while leading his regiment against “one of the most terrific fires to which soldiers were ever subjected.” In 1838 he was an Indian agent praised by an Indian journal for being just and showing sympathy with the Cherokees. He was the younger brother of Senator Andrew Pickens Butler.

8. Calhoun, John Alfred (1807-1874) - President, Savannah River Railroad; Trustee, University of the South; Delegate to Secession Convention; State Representative; Mayor of Eufaula, Alabama. Large planter of “Rosdu” plantation, 135 slaves.

9. Calhoun, John Caldwell (1782-1850) - Vice-President of the U.S. 1825-32; Secretary of State 1843-45; Secretary of War 1817-25; U.S. Senator from South Carolina 1832-45; member U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina 1811-17. Author. Political theorist.

10. Gary, George (1789-1843) - Member United States House of Representatives from Georgia, 1823-27. He was the editor of the Hickory Nut. Died in Upson County, Georgia.

11. Cobb, Thomas V. (1784-1830) - United States Senator from Georgia, 1824-28; member of U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia, 1817-24. Judge of Superior Court of Georgia. His epitaph reads, “As a statesman, independent, and inflexible. As a Judge, pure and incorruptible.”

12. Colcock, William Ferguson (1804-1889) - Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina 1849-53; Speaker of the S.C. House of Representatives 1841-47; Collector of the Port of Charleston; Trustee, South Carolina College (University of S.C.); Regent, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; President, McPhersonville, S.C., Education Society. Large planter of Charleston and “The Ocean” plantation, 171 slaves. Authored two publications

13. Collier, Henry Watkins (1801-55) - Alabama District Judge 1828-36; Associate Justice Alabama Supreme Court 1836-37; Chief Justice Alabama Supreme Court 1837-39; Governor of Alabama 1849-53.

14. Crawford, George Walker (1798-1872) - U.S. Secretary of War 1849-50; Governor of Georgia 1843-47; member U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia to fill vacancy 1/7-3/3/1843; Attorney-General of Georgia 1827-31; Chairman of Georgia Convention to secede in 1861. Robert Toombs said of him, “There are but few abler and no purer men in America, and he has administrative qualities of an unusually high order.” He was second cousin to W. H. Crawford.

15. Crawford, William Harris (1772-1834) - U.S. Senator from Georgia 1807-13; President pro tempera 1812; U.S. Secretary of War, 1815-16; Secretary of the Treasury, 1816-25; minister to France, 1812-13; Democratic candidate for President of the U.S., 1824. Crawford’s diary while in France has been printed in the Smith College Studies in History, Vol. XI, No. 2 (1925) edited by D. C. Knowlton.

16. Curry, Jabrz Lamar Monroe (1925-1930) - Member, U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama, 1857-61; member, Confederate Congress from Alabama, 1861-65; Lt. Colonel of Confederate Cavalry, 1864-65; President, Howard College, 1866-68; U.S. Minister to Spain, 1885-88; Board of Trustees, Richmond College; President, Southern History Association; First General Agent of the Peabody Endowment Fund and of John F. Slater Endowment Fund. Author: Protestantism How Far a Failure, 1870; History of the Peabody Endowment Fund, 1898; Civil History of the Confederate Government, 1901.

17. Daniell, William Coffee (1792-1848) - Medical Doctor. Received M.D. , 1815 from University of Pennsylvania; Mayor of Savannah; Editor of the Savannah Republican; correspondent, Elliott Society of Natural History; large planter of “Oglethorpe” plantation, 120 slaves. Authored several medical publications.

18. Dawson, Laurence E. (1799-1848) - a distinguished lawyer of South Carolina and Alabama, where he moved in 1842. His 1828 prosecution against a person for excessive cruelty to a slave was considered a “masterpiece of eloquence distinguished for richness of language, weight and solidity of argument, and a solemnity and vehemence of style.” Mr. Dawson was “little in political life; having the good sense to see the futility of a service so dependent upon the voice of a changeable mob.” He was considered an outstanding orator and “no one could see him without feeling that he was in the presence of a finished gentleman.” He was considered a “perfect model” of the “high-tones, elevated and accomplished advo- cate.”

19. Gibert, James Finlay (1808-1883) - Presbyterian minister; B. A. University of Georgia, 1834; B. D. Columbia Theological Seminary 1837; minister (half time) for Lebanon Congregation, Abbeville County, South Carolina 1838-1879; Liberty congregation in New Bordeaux settlement (part time) 1837-42; Hopewell Congregation, 1851-75 (part time). Also missionary work at the “County Poor House” 1852-79; licensed by Presbytery of South Carolina, 1837. Owner 29 slaves. Grandson of Pierre Gilbert.

20. Gibert, John Albert (1821-92) - Medical doctor. Practiced nearly 40 years in Abbeville County, South Carolina. Original member of Huguenot Society of South Carolina, in which he was a first Vice-President. Owned “Orange Hill” plantation and 37 slaves. His tombstone in Old Willington Churchyard reads: “A Worthy Scion of That Devoted Huguenot Race Who Forsook Their Native France For the Sake of Jesus Christ. He lived a Busy Useful Life and Sleeps with His Fathers.” Grandson of Pierre Gibert.

21. Gibert, Joseph Bienaime, Sr. (1790-1828) - Medical doctor. Practiced in Old Abbeville District, South Carolina, where his house was on Rocky River. A copy of Virgil’s Bucolics read at Willington, now in the Caroliniana Library at the University of South Carolina has his name in it. Son of Pierre Gibert who helped bring Waddel to Willington.

22. Gibert, Joseph Bienaime, Jr. (1817-1883) - Presbyterian minister. B.A., Franklin College (University of Georgia); B.D. Columbia Seminary, Columbia, S.C., 1844. Minister, Crawford County, Ga., 1844-49; congregation of Rock Run and Providence, Abbeville District, S.C., 1852-59; Covington County, Mississippi, 1859-1882. In April 1882 the cyclone which destroyed Monticello, Mississippi, “swept away his house, and rendered his little farm worthless.” He died at his son’s at Goalman, Mississippi. Grandson of Pierre Gibert.

23. Gilmer, George Rockingham (1790-1850) - Governor of Georgia 1828-31, 1837-39; member United States House of Representatives from Georgia 1821-23, 1826, 1833-35. Trustee of the University of Georgia. He left to the University of Georgia the Gilmer Fund for the training of teachers. Author: Sketches of Some of the First Settlers of Upper Georgia. In Sketches Gilmer revealed the truth of behind-the- scene details of his early associates in government. The book upset enough prominent families that attempts were made to buy and destroy the entire first edition.

24. Gray, John Hannah, D.D. (1804-78) - President, LaGrange College, Georgia 1857-62; Presbyterian minister; to Mesopotamia and Bethsalem churches, Greene County, Alabama, 1828-41; Jasper County, Mississippi, churches, 1841-43; Vicksburg, Mississippi, Church 1843-45; Second Church, Memphis, Tenn. 1845-47; First Secretary Presbyterian General Assembly on Education 1861-62.

25. Grier, Isaac, 0.0. (1776-1843) - Presbyterian minister of the Associate Reformed Synod; B.D. , Dickinson College, Pennsylvania, 1800; licensed at Long Cane,  South Carolina, September 2, 1802; minister of Sardis A.R.P. Church, Mecklenberg County, North Carolina, 1804-42; D.D., Jefferson College, Pennsylvania, 1837. First Presbyterian minister born in Georgia (Greene County).

26. Hillhouse, Joseph (1789-1855) - Studied theology at Willington under Dr. Waddel. Ordained in South Carolina Presbytery at his first pastorate, Fair Forest Church in 1817. He also served Bethel Church near Walhalla, South Carolina, and Union Church (formerly Brown’s Creek), Bradaway, Varennes and Little Mountain Church. He married Harriet Gibert, daughter of Pierre Gibert.

27. Humphreys, David (1793-1869) - Presbyterian missionary to the Creek and Chickasaw Indians, 1820; minister, Good Hope and Roberts churches, South Carolina, 1821-42; minister, Anderson Church, Anderson, S.C., 1842-45; licensed by South Carolina Presbytery, 1819. Also served as a teacher for a time. Taught John Newton Waddel, Moses’ son, how to read. Was considered a family friend of the Waddels.

28. Hunter, John S. (?-after 1865) - Circuit Judge in Alabama. Presided over the Whig Mass Convention at Tuskaloosa, Alabama, June 1840. ‘He was a gentleman of large wealth, and supported a liberal style, inclining somewhat to aristocratic notions, though he was usually social and courteous to all who approached him.... He was a fine scholar, and a smooth, pleasant speaker, his words falling like liquid pearls from his lips” (William Garrett, Reminiscences of Public Men in Alabama, 1872)

29. Jenkins, Charles Jones (1805-1883) - Governor of Georgia, 1865-68; removed for refusing to comply with the Reconstruction Acts of 1867. Speaker of the Georgia House of Representatives, 1840, 1843, 1847. Elected Attorney-General of Georgia, 1831. Justice, Supreme Court of Georgia, 1860-65. In 1850 offered post of Secretary of the Interior of the United States but declined. Went to Willington and then entered University of Georgia, transferred to Union College, New York where he graduated 1822. Admitted to Georgia Bar 1826.

Jenkins was last governor to occupy the historic Old Governor's mansion in Milledgeville. Three of the eight governors who occupied it were Waddel students (Gilmer, G. W. Crawford, Jenkins), including the first (Gilmer) and last (Jenkins)

30. Jones, Noble Wymberly, II (1781-1818) - Son of Dr. George Jones of “Wormsloe” plantation, Georgia. Married Sarah Campbell, his stepsister. Moved to Philadelphia. Died there, predeceasing his father.

31. Legare, Hugh Swinton (1797-1843) - One of two editors of Southern Review, 1828-32; Attorney-General of South Carolina, 1830; U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina, 1837-39; United States Attorney- General, 1841-43; U.S. Secretary of State (interim), 1843; U.S. Charge d'affaires in Belgium, 1832-36. Author: Writings of Hugh Swinton Legare. Renowned classical scholar.

32. Legare, Thomas (1795-1855) - Medical doctor. Received M.D., University of Pennsylvania, 1818. South Carolina Justice of the Quorum; local Commissioner of Free Schools. Large planter of “Light House Point” plantation and Johnstonville, owned 148 slaves.

33. Longstreet, Augustus Baldwin (1790-1870) - Circuit Judge of Superior Court of Georgia, 1822-25; ordained Methodist minister, 1838; president, Emory College, 1839-48; Centenary College at Jackson, Louisiana, 1849; University of Mississippi, 1849-56; University of South Carolina, 1857. Author: Georgia Scenes, Letters from Georgia to Massachusetts, Letter to Clergymen of Northern Methodist Church, Master William Mitten.

34. Martin, William Dobbins (1789-1833) - Member, United States House of Representatives from South Carolina, 1827-31; Judge, Circuit Courts of Law and Appeal. Martin attended Litchfield (Conn.) Law School. He died in Charleston, S.C., and is buried in St. Michael’s church cemetery.

35. McDuffie, George (1790-1851) - Governor of South Carolina, 1834-36; United States Senator from South Carolina, 1842-46. Member, U.S. House of Representatives, 1821-34; chairman, Ways and Means Committee, 1825-29. Large planter. Owner, “Cherry Hill” Plantation, 202 slaves.

36. Miles, James Warley (1818-1875) - Anglican clergyman; originator of the plan for the establishment of what is now the Nashotah House Seminary in Wisconsin; missionary to Mesopotamia, 1843-45; Constantinople, 1845-47; rector of St. John’s Church, Johns Island, South Carolina, 1847-49, but resigned because he did not feel he could write a good sermon every week. Professor of South Carolina College (University of South Carolina) , 1850-54; Librarian, South Carolina College, 1856-62; Professor of Ancient Languages, 1865-71. He seems to have been a brilliant and unusual clergyman. He wrote..." The Religious world is unable to conceive a position not identified with some party or school; and therefore they look upon me as an unsafe and dangerous person, not to be trusted with religious teaching, because my position is unintelligible to them, and I do not use the technical jargon or the dead cant of their systems.”

37. Miles, William Porcher (1822-1899) - Member, U.S. House of Representatives from South Carolina, 1857- 60. Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations of the South Carolina secession convention. One of three who arranged the terms of surrender of Fort Sumter. Mayor of Charleston, 1855-58, he represented Charleston in the Confederate Congress during its entire existence. Chairman of the Committee that devised the Confederate flag. Chairman of the important Committee on Military Affairs. President of the University of South Carolina, 1880-82. Moved to Louisiana in 1882, where he became a sugar planter, controlled thirteen plantations that produced twenty million pounds of sugar yearly. He had elegant manners, a handsome appearance, and a reputation for learning.

38. Morton, Augustus Hawkins (1817-1886) - Baptist deacon. Large planter of South Carolina; owner of “Oakwood” plantation, 170 slaves.

39. Noble, Patrick (1787-1840) - Governor of South Carolina, 1838-40. Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives, 1818-24, 1833-38. Early law partner of John C. Calhoun. Commissioner for railroad from Charleston to Cincinnati. Trustee of South Carolina College (University of South Carolina). Graduated from Princeton, 1806. Chancellor Bowie of Alabama, a friend, said of Noble: “His mind was rather more practical than brilliant. He had little imagination but a retentive memory. He was a well-read lawyer, and, without brilliant parts, he was a safe counsellor. He was one of the most amiable men I have every known.”

40. Palmer, Edward Gendron (1800-1867) - President, Charlotte and South Carolina Railroad. Justice of the Peace; State Senator; State Representative; local Commissioner of Free Schools; Board of Visitors, Mount Zion schools. Large planter of “Valencia” plantation, owned 156 slaves.

41. Patterson, James Cowan (1803-1866) - President, Presbyterian Synod Female College of Georgia, Griffin, Ga. , 1855-66; minister, Presbyterian Church in the United States (Southern) , Milledgeville and Macon, Georgia, churches 1828-?; Fairview Church, Lawrenceville, Ga., 1839 and 1844; Goshen, Georgia, Church, 1851-55; ordained by Hopewell Presbytery, 1828.

42. Petigru, James Louis (1789-1863) - Lawyer and Attorney- General of South Carolina, 1822-30. He ran on Union ticket for U.S. Senate and lost in 1830. He disliked politics but took part because of a feeling that he had to in time of national crisis. He opposed the secession of South Carolina bitterly. Petigru was called the greatest private citizen South Carolina ever produced. Lincoln considered him for a Supreme Court Justice but declined because of his age. He codified all the state laws of South Carolina in Civil War years, paid by the legislature to reduce them to “exactness, precision and perspicuity.”

43. Richardson, John Peter (1801-1869) - Governor of South Carolina, 1840-42; Member, U.S. House of Representatives from S.C., 1836-39; delegate to Southern Convention, 1850; member of Southern Rights Convention of 1852; member of South Carolina Secession Convention, 1860-62; signer of the Ordinance of Secession.

44. Screvan, James Proctor (1799-1859) - Medical doctor; received M.D. in 1820 from University of Pennsylvania and studied in Europe until 1822. He settled in Savannah, Georgia. Acting Mayor during the yellow fever epidemic of 1849, when every member of the city council except Screven and one other caught the disease. President of two railroads of great service in the development of the state, Savannah, Albany and Gulf R.R. and Atlantic and Gulf R.R. later consolidated into Savannah, Florida and Western R.R. Elected mayor of Savannah in 1856. He was “willing to put in superhuman labor to achieve his purpose. Large planter of “Screven’s Ferry” plantation, owner 200 slaves.

45. Simkins, Eldred (1779-1831) - Member, United States House of Representatives from South Carolina, 1818-21; Lieutenant-governor of South Carolina, 1812-14. He attended the Litchfield (Conn.) Law School and was admitted to the bar in 1805. He was a lawyer and planter.

46. Telfair, Thomas (1780-1818) - Member of U.S. House of Representatives from Georgia. 1813-17. Graduated Princeton, 1805. Son of Governor Edward Telfair, first governor of Georgia by new Georgia Constitution of 1789-93. Thomas’ death at 38 was considered to have cut off a promising career. Buried in Bonaventure Cemetery, Savannah.

47. Walker, John Williams (1782-1823) - United States Senator from Alabama, 1819-22; Speaker, Territorial House of Representatives, 1817; President, Alabama Constitutional Convention, 1819. One of first U.S. Senators from Alabama.

48. Wardlaw, David Lewis (1799-1873) - Law Judge of South Carolina, 1841-65; Associate Judge of the South Carolina Court of Appeals, 1865-68; Speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives, 1836-41; Trustee of South Carolina College (University of South Carolina), 1836-68. Delegate to the State Convention of 1853, 1860-2, and September 1865. Admitted to the South Carolina Bar, 1830.

49. Wardlaw, Francis Hugh (1800-1861) - Chancellor of South Carolina, 1850-59; Judge of the South Carolina Court of Appeals, 1859-61; one of principal authors of South Carolina Ordinance of Secession. Admitted to South Carolina Bar, 1822; editor of Edgefield, S.C., newspaper, 1829-32. Brother of D. L. Wardlaw.

50. Wilson, John S. (1796-1873) - 1864 Moderator of General Assembly of Presbyterian Church in the United States (Southern) ; Stated Clerk of Presbyterian Synod of Georgia, 1871-72; first minister of Decatur, Georgia, Church, 1844-59; first minister and founder of First Church, Atlanta, Georgia, 1859-73; licensed by South Carolina Presbytery, 1819.




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